时间:2020-03-22  贡献者:陌颜gsf

导读:人教版英语八年级下册重点词组,句型及语法点汇总.doc,英语知识点Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、重点短语 1. have a fever 发烧 2. have a cough 咳嗽 3. have a toothache 牙疼 4. talk too much 说得太多 5. drink enough water 喝足够的水 6. have a cold 受凉 ; 感冒 7. hav


英语知识点Unit 1 What’s the matter? 一、重点短语 1. have a fever 发烧 2. have a cough 咳嗽 3. have a toothache 牙疼 4. talk too much 说得太多 5. drink enough water 喝足够的水 6. have a cold 受凉 ; 感冒 7. have a stomachache 胃疼 8. have a sore back 背疼 9. have a sore throat 喉咙痛 10. lie down and rest 躺下来休息 11. hot tea w ith honey 加蜂蜜的热茶 12. see a dentist 看牙医 13. get an X-ray 拍 X 光片 14. take one’ s temperature 量体温 15. put some medicine on sth. 在„„上面敷药 16. feel very hot 感到很热 17. sound like 听起来像 18. all weekend 整个周末 19. in the same way ? 以同样的方式 20. go to a doctor 看医生 21. go along 沿着„„走 22. on the side of the road 在马路边 23. shout for help 大声呼救 24. without th inking twice 没有多想 25. get off 下车 26. have a heart problem 有 心脏病 27. to one’ s surprise 使....... [京讶的 28. thanks to 多亏了 ;由于 29. in time 及时 30. save a life 挽救生命 31. get into trouble 造成麻烦 32. right away 立 刻;马上 33. because of 由于 34. get out of 离开;从„„出萍 35. hurt oneself 受伤 36. put a bandage on sth. 用绷带包扎 37. fa ll down 摔倒 38. feel sick 感到恶心 39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血 40. cut his knee 割伤他的膝盖 42. have problems breathing 呼 吸困难 43. mountain climbing 登山运动 44. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事 45. run out (of) 用完;用尽 46. so that 以便 47. so. . . that 如此„ „以至于„48. be in control of 掌管;管理 49. in a d iffic u lt situation 在闲境屮 50. keep on doing sth. 继续或坚持做某事 51. make a decision 做出决定 52. take risks 冒险 53. give up 放弃 二、重点句型 1. What’ s the matter? What’ s the matter with you? = What’s the trouble with you? = What’ s wrong with you?你怎么了 2. W hat should she do?她该怎么办呢? Should I take my temperature?我应该量一下体温吗?主语+ should/shouldn’t + 动词原 形. ..①You should lie down and rest.你应该躺下休息一会儿。

② You shouldn’ t go out at night. 你晚上不应该出去。

3. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or abook? 你认为它是来自报纸还是书呢? 4. I think I sat in the same way for too long withoutmoving. 我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。

5. She said that the man had a heart problem andshould go to the hospitalUnit 2 I ’ll help to clean up the city parks. 一、重点短语 1. Clean-Up Day 清洁日 2. an old people’s home 养老院 3. help out with sth. 帮助 解决困难 4. used to 曾经„ „ ;过去_5. care for 关心;照顾 6. the look of joy 快乐 的表情 7. at the age of 在......岁时 8clean up 打扫(或清除)干净 9. cheer up (使)变得更高 兴;振雀 10. give out 分发;散发 11. come up w ith 想出;提出 12. make a plan 制订计

划 13. make some notices 做些公告牌 14. try out 试用;试行 15. work for 为„工作; 为„. 效力 16. put up 建造;举起;张贴 17. hand out 分发;散发;发给 18. call up 打电话;召集 19. put off 推迟;延迟 20. for example 比如;例如 21. raise money 筹钱;募捐 22. take after 与......相像;像 23. give away 赠送;捐赠 24. fix up 修理;修补;解决 25. be similar to 与„„相似 26. set up 建立;设立 27. disabled people 残疾人 28. make a difference 影响;有作 29. be able to 能够 30. after-school reading program 二、重点句型 1. The boy could give out food at the food bank.这个男孩可以在食品救济站分发食物。

2. Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now.清洁日离现在仅仅两周的时间。

3. He volunteers at an animal hospital every Saturdaymorning.每周六上午,他都在一 '家动物医院当志愿者。

4. Last year, she decided to try out for a volunteerafter-school reading program. 去年,她决定去参加一个课外阅读项目的志愿者的选拔。

5. . . . you can see in th e ir eyes that th e y? re going ona different journey w ith each new book.„„从他们的眼睛里你可以看到他们正在进行每 本不同的新书之旅。

6. I want to put off my plan to w o rk in an animal hospital u n til next summer. 我想把我在动物医院工作的计划推迟到明年夏天。

7. Most people today are only worried about gettinggood jobs to make lots of money. 现在的大部分人只是为找一份能挣许多钱的好工作而着急。

8. You helped to make it possible for me to haveLucky.在你的帮助下,我才有可能拥 有“幸运儿” 。

Unit 3 Could you please clean your room? 重点短语 go out for dinner 出去吃饭 stay out late 在外面待到很晚 go to the movies 去看电影 get a ride 搭车 work on 从事 finish doing sth. 完成做某事 clean and tid y 干净整洁 do the dishes 洗餐 take out the rubbish 倒垃圾 fold your/the clothes 叠衣服 sweep the floor 扫地 make your/the bed 整理床铺 clean the livng room 打扫客厅 no problem 没问题 welcome sb. 欢迎某人 come home fro m school/ work 放学/下班回家 throw down 扔下 sit down 坐下 come over 过来 take sb. for a walk 带某人去散步 all the time 一直;总是 all day/evening 整曰/夜 do housew ork 做家务 shout back 大 声回应 walk away 走开.share the housework 分担家务 a com fortable home 一个舒适的家 in surprise 惊讶地 get som ething to drin k 拿点喝的东西 watch one show 观看一个节 目 hang out 闲逛 pass sb. sth. 把某物传给某人 lend sb. sth. 把某物借给某人 get sth. wet 使某物弄湿 hate to do sth. 讨厌做某事 do chores 做杂务 help sb. (to ) d o /with sth?帮助某人干某事 bring a tent 带顶帐篷来 buy some snacks 买些小吃 go to the store 去商店 invite sb. to a party 邀请某人参加 聚会 make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 enough stress 足够的压力 awaste of tim e 浪费时间

in order to 为了 get good grades 取得好成绩 m ind doing sth. 介意做某事 depend on 依赖;依靠 develop c h ild re n ’ s independence 发展孩子的独立性 look after/take care of 照顾;照看 do one’ s part in (doin g ) sth.做某人分内的 事 二、重点句型 1. Could you please„..do sth. ? Could you please clean your room? 你能整理一下你的房间吗? 2. I have to do some work.我必须干些活。

3. Could I+ do sth. ? Could I use your computer?我可以用一下你的电脑吗? 4. She won’ t be happy if she sees th is mess.如果她看到这样乱七八糟的话,她会不 高兴的。

5. For one week, she did not do any housework andneither did I. 整整一周,她什么家务活都不干了,我也一样。

6. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in frontof the T V .我一在电视机前坐下, 我妈妈就过来了。

7. hate + ( to do/ doing) sth. I hate to do chores.Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents? 一、重点短语 1. have free time 有空闲时间 2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 3. hang out with sb. 与某人闲逛 4. after-school classes 课外活动课 5. get into a fight w ith sb. 与 某人吵架/打架 6. until midnight 直到半夜 7. talk to sb. 与某人交谈 8. too many 太多 9. study too much 学得过多 10. get enough sleep 有足够的睡眠 11. write sb. a letter 给某人写信 12. call sb. up 打电话给某人 13. surprise sb. 令某人惊讶 14. look through 翻看 15. be angry with sb. 生某人的气 16. a big deal 重要的事 17. work out 成功地发 展;解决 18. get on with 不 11 睦相处;关系良: 19. fight a lot 经常吵架/打架 20. hang over 笼罩 21. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事 22. offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 23. so that 以便 24. mind sb. doing sth. 介意某人做某事 25. all the time 一直 26. in future 今后 27. make sb. angry 使某人生气 28. worry about sth. 担心某事 29. copy one’ s homework 抄袭某人的作业 30. be oneself 做自己 31. family members32. spend time alone 独自消磨时光 33. give sb. pressure 给某人施 压 34. have a fight w ith sb. 与某人吵架 35. compete w ith sb. 与某人竞争 36. free time activities 业余活动 37. get better grades 取得更好的成绩 38. give one’ s opinion 提出某人的观点 39. learn exam skills 学习应试技巧 40. practice sports 体育训练 41. cause stress 造成压力 42. cut out 删除 二、重点句型 1. I studied until mid night last night so I did n ‘t getenough sleep. 我昨晚学习到半夜所以睡眠不足。

2. Why don 't you forge t about it?你为什么不忘掉它呢? 3. Although she ’ s wrong , i t ' s not a big deal.虽然她错了 ?但这并不是什么大 事儿。

4. H e should talk to his friend so that he can say h e’sorry. 他应该跟朋友谈谈以便他能说声对不起。

5. May be you could go to his house.也许你可以去他家。

6. I guess I could, but I dont want to surpris e him.我想我可以.但我不想让他感到

惊讶Unit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came? 一、重点短语 1. make sure 确信;确认 2. beat against... 拍打„ „3. fall asleep 进人梦乡;睡着 4. die down 逐渐变弱;逐渐消失 5. wake up 醒来 6. in a mess 一团糟 7. break.. . apart 使„„分离 8. in times of difficulty 在困难的时候 9. at the time of 当.......时候 10. go off (闹钟)发出响声 11. take a hot shower 洗热水澡 12. miss the bus 错过公交 车 13. pick up 接电话 14. bring... together 使„„靠拢 15. in the area 在这个地区 16. miss the event 错过这个事件 17. by the side of the road 在路边 18. the Animal Helpline 动物保护热线 19. walk by 走路经过 20. make one’s way to. ?. 在某人去„„的路上 21. hear the news 听到这个消 22., important events in history 历史上的重大事件 23., for example 例如 24., be killed 被杀害 25., over 50 5 0 多(岁)26. a school pupil 一个小学生 27. on the radio 通过广播 28., in silence 沉默;无声 29., more recently 最近地;新近 30., the World Trade Center 世贸中心 31., take down 拆除;摧毁 32., have meaning to 对„„有 意义 33., remember doing sth. 记得做过某事 34., at first 首先;最初 二、重点句型 1. — What were you doing at eight last night?昨晚 8 点你在干什么? — I was taking a shower.我在洗淋浴。

2. When it began to rain, Ben was helping his mommake dinner. 当开始下雨的时候,本正在帮他妈妈做晚饭。

3. — What was Jenny doing while Linda was sleeping?琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在干 什么? — While Linda was sleeping, Jenny was helpingM a ry with her homework. 琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在帮玛丽做作业。

Unit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains 一、重点短语 1. work on doing sth. 致力于做某事 2. as soon as ...... 一„„就„.... 3. once upon a time 从前 4. continue to do sth. 继续做某事如此„ „以至于„ * 5. make sth. happen 使某事发生 6.try to do sth. 试图做某事 7. the journey to sp. ...... 之旅 8. tell the/a story 讲故事 9. put on 穿上 10. a little b it 有点儿 11. keep doing sth. 坚持做某事 12. give up 放弃 13. instead of 代替;反而 14. turn .. . into 变成 15. get married 结婚 16. the main character 主要人物;主人公 17. at other times 在 另外一些时候 18. be able to 能;会 19. come out (书、 电影等)出版 20. become interested in. ? ? 对„„ 感兴趣 21. walk to the other side 走到另一边去 22. a fa iry tale 一个神话故事 23. the rest of the story 故事的其余部分 24. leave sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事 25. make a plan to do sth. 筹划/计划做某事 26. go to sleep 去睡觉 27. lead sb. to sp. 把某人领到某 地

28. get lost 迷路 29. change one’s plan 改变计划 30. tell sb. to do sth. 叫某人做 某事 31. in the moonlight 在月光下 32. find one’ s way home 找到某人回家的路 33. the next day 第二天 34. send sb. to sp. 派某人去某地 二、重点句型 1. W hat do you th in k about/of.. . ? So what do you th ink about the story of Yu Gong? 你觉得愚公的故事怎么样? 2. It doesn’ t seem adj . to do sth .. I t doesn’ t seem very possible to move -a mountain. 把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。

3. This is because... This is because he can make 72 changes to hisshape and size, turning himself into different animalsand objects. 这是因为他会根据他的形状和大小,做出 72 种变 化,可以将自己变成不同的动物或东西。

„ so„ that+从句 Sometimes he can make the stick so small that he can keep it in his ear. 有时候,他能够让他的金箍棒变得很小,以至于可以放在耳朵里。

5. It take sb. some time to do sth .. Because they were so big that it took a long time towalk to the other side.这些(山)太高了,他们要花好长时间才能翻越过去。

6 .„ not.. .. util 十从句 Don’ t eat it until you get to the forest. 你们到达森林之后才能吃。

Unit 7 W hat’s the highest mountain in the world? 一、重点短语 1. as big as 与„„一样大 2. one of the oldest countries 最古老的国家之一 3. feel free to do sth. 随意地做某事 4. as far as I know 据我所知 5. man-made objects 人造物体 6. part o f... ...... 的组成部分 7. the highest mountain 最高的山脉 8. in the w orld 在世界上 9. any other mountain 其他任何一座山 10. of a ll the salt lakes 在所有的 咸水湖中 11. run along 跨越„ „12. freezing weather ?冰冻的天气 13. take in a ir 呼吸空气 14. the firs t people to do sth. 第一个做某事的人 15. in the face of difficulties 面临危险 16. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 17. achieve one’ s dream 实现某人的梦 想 18. the forces of nature 自然界的力量 19. reach the top 到达顶峰 20. even though 虽 然;尽管 21. at b irth 在出生的时候 22. be awake 醒着 23. run over w ith excitement 兴奋地跑过去 24. w alk into sb. 撞到某人 25. fa ll over 摔倒 26. take care of 照顾; 照料 27. every two years ?每两年 28. cut down the forests 砍伐林木 29. endangered animals 濒危动物 30. fewer and fewer pandas 大熊猫越来越少 31. be in danger 处于危险之中 32. the importance of saving these animals 拯救这些动物的重要性 二、重点句型 1. It is -\~adj. + (fo r sb. ) to do sth.

It is also very hard to take in a ir as you get near thetop. 当你接近山顶时,连呼吸都会困难。

2. . . . is because... One of the main reasons is because people want to challenge themselves in the face of difficulties.其中的一个主要的原因是人们想要在 面临困难时挑战自己。

3. . . . show(s) th a t... The spirit of these climbers shows us that weshould never give up tryin g to achieve our dreams. 这些登山者的精神向我们证明:我们永远都不应该放弃实现自己的梦想。

4. H ow high/ deep/. . . is ... ? H ow high is Qomolangma?珠穆朗玛峰有多高? 5. Although. “ ,„ A lthough Japan is older than Canada,it is muchsmaller. 虽然日本比加拿大有更悠久的历史,但是日本比加拿大小多了。

6. sb. spend tim e/money doing sth. A d u lt pandas spend more than 12 hours a day eating about 10 kilos of bamboo 成年大熊猫一天要花 1 2 个多小时的时间吃大约Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet? 一、重点短语 1. on page 25 在第 2 5 页 2. the back of the book 书的背面 3. h u rry up 赶快;匆忙 4. in tw o weeks 在两周之内 5. go out to sea 出海 6. an island fu ll of treasures 一 个满是宝藏的岛屿 7. w rite about 写作关于„„的内容 8. finish doing sth. 做完某事 9. w ait for another ship 等待另一艘船到来 10. learn to do sth. 学会做某事 11. grow fru its and vegetables 种水果和蔬菜 12. a few weeks ago 几个星期前 13. the m arks of another m an’ s feel 另一个人的脚印 14. not long after that 不 久之后 15. run towards sp. 跑向某地 16. use... to do sth. 用„„来做某事 17. signs le ft behind by someone 某人留下的标记 18. read the newspaper 看报 19. science fiction 科 幻小说 20. can’ t w ait to do sth. 迫不及待地做某事 21. a good way to wake up 醒来的一 个好办法 22. number of people 人数 23. used to do sth. (过去)常常做某事 24. study abroad 在国外学习 25. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 26. come to realize 开始意识到 27. ever since then 自从那时起 28. the southern states of America 美国的南部地区 29. belong to 属于 30. be kind to each other 善待彼此 31. tru s t one another 互相 信任 32. the beauty of nature 大自然的美 33. have been to sp. 去过某地 34. do some research on sth. 对„„做研究 35. hope to do sth. 希望做某事 36. see sb. do sth. 看到某人做某事 37. the firs t line in the song 歌曲的第一行 38. enjoy success in 享受„„的成功 39. at the end of the day 傍晚的时候 二、重点句型 1. Have you. ? . yet? — Have you read l ittle Women yet?你读过《小妇人》吗? — Yes,I have. /N o , I haven’ t.是的,我读过。

/ 不,我没有。

2. Has... yet? — Has T in a read Treasure Island yet?蒂娜读过《金银岛》这本书吗? — Yes, she has. She thinks i t ’ s fantastic.是的,她读过。


3. W ould you lik e ... ? W ould you like something to drink?你要来点喝的吗? 4. I heard... I heard you lost your key.我听说你丢钥匙了。

5. . . . came to realize how m uch... She came to realize how much she actually missed all of them. 她开始意识到,事实上她是多么想念他们所有的人。